Radical Women: – Latin American Art, 1960–1985
- 18.08.2018. - 19.11.2018 2018-08-18
Pinacoteca de São Paulo, a museum of the Secretariat of Culture of the State of São Paulo, presents the major group exhibition Radical Women: Latin American Art, 1960-1985, on display on the first floor of the Pinacoteca. Curated by British Venezuelan art historian and curator Cecilia Fajardo-Hill and Italian Argentine researcher Andrea Giunta, the show is the first in history to bring to the public an extensive and notable mapping of the experimental artistic practices by Latin women artists and their influence on international art production. In total, around 120 artists will represent fifteen countries, bringing together more than 280 works in a variety of techniques and on different supports, such as photography, video, painting and others. It´s presentation in São Paulo closes the itinerary and counts with the collaboration of the Pinacoteca’s Chief Curator Valéria Piccoli.
By giving visibility to a remarkable artistic production created between 1960 and 1985 by women who lived in Latin American countries, and by Latina and Chicana women born in the United States, Radical Women addresses a lacuna in the history of art. Among them, the exhibition presents works by some of the most influential artists of the 20th century, – such as Lygia Pape, Cecilia Vicuña, Ana Mendieta, Anna Maria Maiolino, Beatriz Gonzalez and Marta Minujín – alongside that of less well-known such as the performance Mexican artist Maria Eugenia Chellet, the Colombian Feliza Bursztyn and the Brazilians Leticia Parente, one of the pioneers of video art, and Teresinha Soares, a Minas Gerais-born sculptor and painter who has recently been attracting international attention.
The chronological segment of this group show is considered decisive both for the history of Latin America, and for the construction of contemporary art and the transformations concerning the symbolic and figurative of the female body. During this period, these pioneering artists set out to explore the notion of the body as political field and embarked on radical poetic investigations so as to defy the dominant classifications and the established art canons. “This new approach laid the foundations of a research on the body as a rediscovery of the subject, which in turn would later be regarded as a radical change in the iconography of the body,” affirm the curators. According to them, these researches eventually fostered the emergence of new directions within the fields of photography, painting, performance art, video art, as well as conceptual art.
The approach adopted by these Latin American artists was a form of dealing with the dense political and social atmosphere of a period that was deeply marked by patriarchal power (in the United States) and by the atrocities of the dictatorships of the time supported by the former (in Central America and in South America), which repressed these bodies, especially those of women, resulting in works that denounced the social, cultural and political violence of the time. ”The lives and the works of these artists are interwoven with the experiences of dictatorship, of imprisonment, of exile, torture, violence, censorship and repression, but also with the emergence of a new sensibility,” says Fajardo-Hill.
For Giunta, topics such as the poetic and the political are explored in the show “through self-portraits, through the relationship between body and landscape, through the mapping of the body and its social inscriptions, feminisms and social places.” As she goes on to say, “These themes crossed borders, arising in works by artists that had been working in radically different cultural conditions.” It is not by chance that the exhibition space is structured around themes instead of around geographic characteristics. The Pinacoteca’s curator Valéria Piccoli highlights the importance of the representativeness of the Brazilian artists in the show: “in addition to the names that participated in the exhibitions at the Hammer and Brooklyn Museums, we also included works by Wilma Martins, Yolanda Freyre, Maria do Carmo Secco and Nelly Gutmacher in the São Paulo exhibition”, she reveals.
Latin America preserves a strong history of feminist militancy that — with the exception of Mexico and in some isolated cases a few other countries in the 1970s e 1980s – was not widely reflected in the arts. Radical Women proposes to consolidate internationally this aesthetic heritage created by women who center on their own body to allude — in a veiled manner, indirectly or explicitly – to the distinct dimensions of the female existence. For such, the curators have carried out an extensive research since 2010, which includes trips, interviews, and analyses of publications found in the libraries of the Getty Foundation, Texas University, among several others.
The central argument of the exhibition shows that even though a large part of these artists were decisive figures in the expansion and diversification of the artistic expression in our continent, they nonetheless have not received due recognition. As the curators define, “The show stemmed from our common conviction that a vast group of works produced by Latin American and Latina artists has been marginalized and by a dominant, canonical and patriarchal art history. ”According to the Director of the Pinacoteca, Jochen Volz, “it was mainly women artists who pioneered experimentation with new forms of expression, like performance and video art, among others. Thus, the exhibition Radical Women’s itinerancy across Brazil is of great relevance for contemporary artistic and academic research and for the audience of the museum.
This outstanding ensemble of works, as well as the research archives brought together for the conception of the exhibition finally reach spectators in São Paulo, contributing to open new investigative paths and understandings about Latin American history. “The topic is now part of a wider and at the same time urgent agenda. Yet there is still a lot of work to be done and we are fully aware that this is just the beginning,” say the curators.
Radical Women is organized by the Hammer Museum, Los Angeles as part of Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, an initiative of the Getty in partnership with arts institutions from Southern California, and is curated by guest curators Cecilia Fajardo-Hill and Andrea Giunta. The exhibition’s presentation at the Pinacoteca de São Paulo is sponsored by Itaú Bank, the law firm Mattos Filho, Veiga Filho, Marrey Jr. and Quiroga, BTG Pactual Bank and Vicunha, in addition to support from Claudia, Elle and Capricho magazines. The exhibition is made possible thanks to lead grants from the Getty Foundation. Major funding is provided by the Diane and Bruce Halle Foundation and Eugenio López Alonso. Generous support is also provided by the Vera R. Campbell Foundation, Marcy Carsey, Betty and Brack Duker, Susan Bay Nimoy and Visionary Women.
EXHIBITION CIRCLE For the first time in its history, the Pinacoteca has set up an Exhibition Circle – a fundraising practice that has become quite common in the U.S. and in Europe – adopted especially for this exhibition. To this end, the museum invited 30 inspiring women who are pioneers in their fields of practice to contribute financially to Radical Women. “We invited women that reflect the spirit of this exhibition and who are, for us, a source of admiration and deserve public recognition. The group we affectionately refer to as ‘Extraordinary Women’ represents the feminine pioneering spirit and engagement in various areas of society,” declares Paulo Vicelli, Director of Institutional Relations of the Pinacoteca. The list of women being honored includes: Adriana Cisneros, Ana Lucia de Mattos Barretto Villela, Catherine Petigás, Estrellita Brodsky, Luisa Strina, Fernanda Feitosa, Lygia da Veiga Pereira Carramaschi, Luiza Helena Trajano, among others.
CATALOGUE Radical Women will be complemented with a catalogue that includes the biographical information of more than 120 artists and around of 200 images of the works in the show, in addition to other reference images, widening the panoramic scope of this mapping work beyond the actual exhibition. The original publication is the first to bring together extensive research on the theme, and the Portuguese version, edited by the Pinacoteca de São Paulo, is the first to make this information accessible to readers in Latin America. Unlike the exhibition, the catalogue is organized around countries and accompanied by essays by Fajardo-Hill and Giunta, and also includes essays by other ten authors, such as Hammer Museum chief curator Connie Butler and Guatemalan art critic and curator Rosina Cazali.
EDUCATIONAL ACTION Educational visits As from 25/08, on Sundays and holidays. 10.30 am to 11.30 am and 3 pm to 4 pm – Pina Luz Pre-booking is not required. Visitors can ask for the education team at the museum’s front desk. Groups of up to 20 people.
Teacher training and education meeting and launch of support material for pedagogical purposes 01/09, from 10 am to 1 pm – auditorium – Pina Luz Registration by telephone (+55 11 3324-0943 or +55 11 3324 0944) as from 20/08 50 places.
PARTICIPATING ARTISTS Argentina Maria Luisa Bemberg (1922–1995); Delia Cancela (1940); Graciela Carnevale (1942); Diana Dowek (1942); Graciela Gutiérrez Marx (1945); Narcisa Hirsch (Germany, 1928); Ana Kamien and Marilú Marini (1935 and 1954); Lea Lublin (Poland, 1929–1999); Liliana Maresca (1951–1994); Marta Minujín (1943); Marie Orensanz (1936;) Margarita Paksa (1933); Liliana Porter (1941); Dalila Puzzovio (1943); Marcia Schvartz (1955).
Brazil Mara Alvares (1948); Claudia Andujar (Switzerland, 1931); Martha Araújo (1943); Vera Chaves Barcellos (1938); Lygia Clark (1920–1988); Analívia Cordeiro (1954); Liliane Dardot (1946); Lenora de Barros (1953); Yolanda Freyre (1940); Iole de Freitas (1945); Anna Bella Geiger (1933); Carmela Gross (1946); Nelly Gutmacher (1941); Anna Maria Maiolino (Italy, 1942); Márcia X. (1959–2005); Wilma Martins (1934); Ana Vitória Mussi (1943); Lygia Pape (1927–2004); Letícia Parente (1930–1991); Wanda Pimentel (1943); Neide Sá (1940); Maria do Carmo Secco (1933); Regina Silveira (1939); Teresinha Soares (1927); Amelia Toledo (1926–2017); Celeida Tostes (1929–1995); Regina Vater (1943).
Chile Gracia Barrios (1927); Sybil Brintrup and Magali Meneses (1954 and 1950); Roser Bru (Spain, 1923); Gloria Camiruaga (1941–2006); Luz Donoso (1921–2008); Diamela Eltit (1949); Paz Errázuriz (1944); Virginia Errázuriz (1941); Lotty Rosenfeld (1943); Janet Toro (1963); Eugenia Vargas Pereira (1949); Cecilia Vicuña (1948).
Colombia Alicia Barney (1952); Delfina Bernal (1941); Feliza Bursztyn (1933–1982); María Teresa Cano (1960); Beatriz González (1938); Sonia Gutiérrez (1947); Karen Lamassonne (United States, 1954); Sandra Llano-Mejía (1951); Clemencia Lucena (1945–1983); María Evelia Marmolejo (1958); Sara Modiano (1951–2010); Rosa Navarro (1955); Patricia Restrepo (1954); Nirma Zárate (1936–1999).
Costa Rica Victoria Cabezas (United States, 1950)
Cuba Ana Mendieta (1948–1985); Marta María Pérez (1959); Zilia Sánchez (1928).
Guatemala Margarita Azurdia (1931–1998)
Mexico Yolanda Andrade (1950); Maris Bustamante (1949); Ximena Cuevas (1963); Lourdes Grobet (1940); Silvia Gruner (1959); Kati Horna (Hungary, 1912–2000); Graciela Iturbide (1942); Ana Victoria Jiménez (1941); Magali Lara (1956); Mónica Mayer (1954); Sarah Minter (1953–2016); Polvo de Gallina Negra (active 1983–93); Carla Rippey (United States, 1950); Jesusa Rodríguez (1955); Pola Weiss (1947–1990); Maria Eugenia Chellet (1948).
Panama Sandra Eleta (1942)
Paraguay Olga Blinder (1921–2008); Margarita Morselli (1952).
Peru Teresa Burga (1935); Gloria Gómez-Sánchez (1921–2007); Victoria Santa Cruz (1922–2014).
Puerto Rico Poli Marichal (1955); Frieda Medín (1949).
Unites States of America Judith F. Baca (1946); Barbara Carrasco (1955); Josely Carvalho (Brazil, 1942); Isabel Castro (Mexico, 1954); Ester Hernández (1944); Yolanda López (1942); María Martínez-Cañas (Cuba, 1960); Marta Moreno Vega (1942); Sylvia Palacios Whitman (Chile, 1941); Sophie Rivera (1938); Sylvia Salazar Simpson (1939); Patssi Valdez (1951).
Uruguay Nelbia Romero (1938–2015); Teresa Trujillo (1937).
Venezuela Mercedes Elena González (1952); Margot Römer (1938–2005); Antonieta Sosa (United States, 1940); Tecla Tofano (Italy, 1927–1995); Ani Villanueva (1954); Yeni and Nan (active 1977–86).